The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The party under its present name was established by Andrew Jackson during the 1820s, but it traces its origins to Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republican Party in 1792. It is the second oldest political party in the world, following Britain's Conservative Party. In the United States political spectrum, the Democrats usually advocate civil rights and a free society with progressive policies on businesses. Their traditional base is organized, but in the last half century has expanded to include intellectuals and environmentalists.
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